Colour effect and colour matching are indispensable principles for design

Colour is inseparable from all aspects of life. Colour is not only decoration for space, but also has an effect; there are changes in mood, temperature, scale, etc. A reasonable choice of colour matching can make the design effect more effective. Let’s take a look at colours today!

Colour composition

Colour composition:  Hue, brightness, purity.

Hue: The appearance of colour, there are achromatic and chromatic colours. Achromatic colours include black, white, grey, gold, and silver. Colours are names other than these five types that can more accurately represent a particular colour, such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and purple as the basic hues.


Lightness-the change of colour. The lightness of a colour refers to the degree of change in lightness and darkness of a colour. The brightest on the colour circle is yellow, and the darkest is purple. The two poles of light and dark are black and white. How to change the brightness of a certain colour? If you want to be brighter, you can add white. When more white is added, the colour gets brighter. Similarly, if you want to darken, you can add black. When more black is added, the colour gets darker.

Purity-the degree of vividness of the colour, also known as chroma, saturation, and vividness. Generally, the colours seen daily will contain a certain grey level. When more grey is added, the colour purity gets lower. Simply understand that purity is the vividness of colours. Such as the following two pictures:

Colour effect

Emotional sense: Colours have emotions, and different colours give people different feelings. Cool colours/low brightness/low purity colours bring quiet and calm emotions.

The warm colour/high brightness/high purity brings warm, pleasant, and exciting emotions, so you can choose the colour according to the purpose of the space and the emotion you want to express.

Colours have colour temperature. The warm and cool colours that are often said come from the sense of temperature that colours bring to people. The feeling of warmth, warm colours are greater than cool colours.








Sense of scale: refers to the difference in size. For objects with the same physical size, different colours give people a different sense of scale. Let’s take a look. The following two pictures show the sense of scale brought by fabrics of the same style and different colours.


Did you find it? It seems that the white sofa is bigger. This is why people often say that they look thin in black. Regarding the sense of scale, high brightness/high purity/warm tone>low brightness/low purity/cool tone.

Sense of weight: the colour is deep and heavy, and the colour is light and light. Looking at colours can confuse and deceive our brains. Two chairs of the same size and the same material in the picture below, does the one on the left look heavier? In fact, it is only darker in colour. This kind of weight is also called visual weight.

Sensation of separation: In the same picture, low-purity/cool-toned objects move backwards; high-purity/warm-toned objects jump forward. Therefore, if the space is relatively small and you want to increase the space, you can choose low-purity cool colours. The space itself is relatively large, you can choose brighter colours, richer patterns, and fuller, not in space.

Spatial awareness: low purity/high brightness/cool tone/weak contrast, strong sense of space; high purity/low brightness/warm tone/strong contrast, weak sense of space. Just choose according to your needs.

(Weak contrast and strong sense of space)

(Strong contrast and weak sense of space)


Indoor colour matching method

Talking about the colour matching method, first talk about the colour ratio in the space. You can imagine the entire space as a painting; the walls, ceiling, and ground are the background of the canvas; the key wall shapes and large furniture are the main body of the picture. Decorative ornaments, flowers, green plants, etc. are the dotted parts of the picture.

The ratio is: the background, which accounts for 60% of the whole, uses low-purity, high-brightness colours. The theme, which accounts for 30%, uses medium-purity and medium-brightness colours. The embellishment part, accounting for 10%, adopts high brightness and high purity colour matching. This colour matching ratio is basically not wrong, and the effect is better. Of course, if your owner is very individual, it is not impossible to do the opposite.


Indoor colour matching

Same colour matching. Choose a certain hue and use the changes in purity and lightness to match the space. This is called the same-colour matching or monochromatic matching. With this colour matching method, the colour is relatively single and the level is not clear enough. This can be matched some achromatic colours.


Adjacent colour matching: refers to the two colours in the hue circle 60 degrees apart or within three positions. It is the adjacent colour relationship. Because the hues in this category are similar to each other, the cold and warm properties are the same, the hue is unified and harmonious, and the emotional characteristics are consistent. Therefore, this colour matching method is more harmonious and stronger than a single colour pair. It is a kind of contrast effect and is easier to grasp.


Contrasting colour matching: Two colours on the hue circle that are 120 degrees apart are called contrasting colours. Generally, these colours have a relatively large contrast and strong contrast. Using various colour matching methods can easily cause disharmony in the picture. In fact, just adjust the colour ratio. Don’t use 5:5, use 7:3, or 8:2, which is much better.


Complementary colour matching: Two colours that form a 180° angle in the hue circle, such as red and green complementary, blue and orange complementary, yellow and purple complementary. Complementary colours, forming a strong contrast effect. The balance of the picture is more difficult, so how to deal with you, in addition to the colour ratio mentioned above, you can also change the purity.

This picture is in contrast between blue and orange, but the purity and brightness of the blue have been adjusted. The overall look is orange, which is much more harmonious!

Do you feel these design methods? Come to Design Solutions and give it a try.